More information about the group and what we’re likely to cover in future meetings can be found on this page.

Past meetings can be found on this page.

### Recent References

- Shor.pdf – Not complete, but has all the material we’ve got on Shor.
- Transition from discrete to continuous spaces – Summary Chart
- Transition from discrete to continuous spaces – Notes
- Bloch-Sphere.pdf

We’re done for 2018! Watch email for 2019 plans.

### Past Meetings

### December 2nd: Quantum Teleportation

John did the teleportation algorithm, followed by a general exchange of questions and opinions about its various aspects.

### November 18th: Shor #9

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Mike, Stefan, Tina

This was the last meeting on Shor’s algorithm.

### November 4th: [Shor #8] Constructing Operators / The gate

Reference: Shor.pdf – Not complete, but has all the material we’ve got on Shor.

Attending: Eduard, John, Matt, Mike, Scott, Stefan, Tina

I’m going to do some background on the construction of quantum (unitary) operators. One of the things I’ll address is Matt’s concern that we appear to be talking about operations that are not linear. I’ll outline the “general scheme” (using x and y bits) that is typically used to implement general operations (which are not inherently reversible).

After that I’ll talk about whatever I’ve figured out so far in terms of implementing the gate.

And don’t forget that Clocks go back today

### Oct 28th: [Shor #7] Mike

Reference: Shor.pdf (Under construction).

I’ll most likely put the “circuit” back up on the board, try for some further clarification of exactly what the QFT does, and then make another try at using continued fraction “convergents” to finish the process.

### Oct 21st: [Shor #6] Matt – Networking, TLS, and Public Key Algorithms

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Stefan

### October 14th: [Shor #5] More on the circuit. Continued fractions.

Attending: John, Matt, Mike, Stefan, Tina

More discussion of the effects of the QFT gate. It turns out I still haven’t figured out the continued fractions part.

### October 7th: [Shor #4] The quantum circuit for period finding

Attending: Eduard, John, Matt, Mike, Stefan, Tina

Today we’ll begin discussion of the “quantum” part of Shor’s algorithm, which is a circuit for finding the period of the modular exponentiation function.

### September 30th: Stefan – Vector Calulus

Attending: Eduard, John, Matt, Mike, Scott, Stefan

We took a break from Shor this week so Stefan could present some concepts in Vector Calculus.

### September 23rd: NO MEETING

### September 16th: [Shor #3] John – Some Number Theory

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Mike, Tina, Scott, Stefan

John talked about Euclid’s algorithm and expressing a greatest common divisor of two numbers as a linear combination.

Also Stefan started the Vector Calculus talk.

### September 9th: [Shor #2] The Quantum Fourier Transform

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Mike, Tina, Stefan

Here’s the start of some notes on the QFT operator.

### September 2nd: [Shor #1] Introduction to Shor’s algorithm

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Scott, Stefan, Tina

Today we’ll start on Shor’s algorithm and related topics. We’ll probably be working on this for much of the rest of the year. Here are some preliminary notes on what I have in mind.

### We’re on vacation during August

Aug 5: No meeting

Aug 12: No meeting

Aug 19: No meeting

Aug 26: No meeting

### July 29th: Linear algebra / Visualization

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Scott, Stefan

John gave a presentation on visualizing linear algebra transformations, and discussed matrix multiplication viewed as function composition.

### July 22nd: Interpretations II

Attending: John, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Stefan

We continued more-or-less where we left off on the 15th, with a few more details on the pilot wave interpretation. Basically a discussion of “de Broglie’s law of motion” where the velocity of a particle is related to the slope of the phase of the wave function.

### July 15th: Interpretations I – Brief introduction

Attending: John, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Stefan, Tina

The white board arrived today, so we spent the first part of the meeting putting that together.

Then we had our first discussion about interpretations of quantum theory. We did a very brief overview. Just trying to get some general background on what this whole subject is about. We discussed what some of the issues are that inspire competing interpretations and did a quick sketch of Everett and the Pilot Wave.

### July 8th: General Discussion

Where: Email Mike if you haven’t heard the latest news about the location.

When: 3:00pm

Attending: Eduard, John, Mary Ann, Mike, Scott, Stefan, Tina

### July 1st: The Bloch Sphere #2

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

References: Bloch-Sphere.pdf

### June 24th – Mike: The Bloch Sphere #1

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: John, Mary Anne, Mike, Stefan, Tina

References: Bloch-Sphere.pdf

### June 17th – Tina: The Partial Trace and Quantifying Entanglement

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: Eduard, Jaxon, John, Jonathan, Mary Ann, Mike, Stefan, Tina

Reference: This material starts on page 10 of the “New Notes”.

But be aware that the write up on the partial trace is somewhat confusing and we will probably do it a different (easier) way today.

The Partial Trace can be used to construct the individual density matrix for a system that is part of an entangled pair. The purity of this matrix then provides a measure of “how entangled” the two systems are.

We’ll continue with this outline wherever we left off last week.

### June 10th – Tina: The Density Matrix and Purity

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: John, Jonathan, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Scott, Stefan, Tina

References: This material starts on page 6 of the “New Notes”.

*It would be a good idea to review everything in the first 5 pages before the meeting.*

We’re going to switch back to quantum information for a bit now and pick up where we left off back on January 28th. We’ll look at the Density Matrix and how to calculate its Purity, telling us to what extent it represents a mixed or pure state. Then (probably next week) we’ll see how to derive a DM for one of the two bits in an entangled state, and how then purity becomes a measure of entanglement.

*So, our overall objective is to use the Density Matrix, Purity, and the Partial Trace in order to find out “how entangled” a composite system is.* Here’s an outline of how this should all go. We’ll get as far as we can this week and then continue on the 17th.

### June 3rd – Jonathan: The Quantum “Bomb Tester”

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: Jonathan, John, Mary Ann, Matt, Mike, Stefan, Tina

References: Jonathan’s PowerPoint Notes

### May 27th Matt: The Uncertainty Principle, Part I

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: Matt, Eduard, John, Jonathan, Mary Ann, Mike, Stefan

### May 20th: General Discussion

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: Eduard, John, Jonathan, Mary Ann, Mike, Stefan

Here’s what we covered today:

- Reviewed the “transition” stuff a little bit. Trying to make sure everybody (especially anyone who wasn’t there last time) has a good handle on that.
- Looked at how these ideas come into play with a “four step” outline for solving the Schroedinger equation.
- General discussion and questions.

### May 13th: The transition from discrete to continuous spaces

Where: The regular place on Floyd

When: 3:00pm

Attending: Eduard, Jonathan, Mary Ann, Mike, Stefan, Tina

References: (1) Notes (2) Summary Chart

Our group has spent several months studying quantum theory in a discrete setting. That is, in a finite vector space, where states are vectors and operators are matrices. The mathematics here (basic linear algebra) is pretty easy.

We are now starting to look at quantum mechanics, which is a continuous theory. The states are functions and the operators are are things like derivatives. The math here (calculus,differential equations, and Fourier transforms) is significantly more difficult. And yet (I claim) the underlying theory is in fact exactly the same once you strip out the mathematical complexities.

In order to do this, we need to understand the relationship between the kind of mathematical space we’ve been using for quantum information theory and the kind of space we’ll now be using for quantum mechanics. Explaining the transition between these two spaces is the purpose of the meeting. This will probably take more than one meeting to cover. We’ll get as far as we can today, and then think about where to go from here.

May 6th: NO MEETING

April 29th: NO MEETING

April 22nd: Stefan did the Infinite Well

Where: The regular place on Floyd

Attending: Stefan, Eduard, John, Jonathan, Mary Ann, Mike

Previous meeting descriptions should still be available at:

meetup.com/Denver-Physics/events/past